Immigration Glossary

Updated: April 2022

WORK PERMIT

https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/services/work-canada.html

A work permit is a government issued document that allows foreign nationals to work in Canada. There are some jobs in Canada that do not require work permits. Click here to view a list of these jobs.

IMMIGRATION, REFUGEES AND CITIZENSHIP CANADA

https://www.canada.ca/en/services/immigration-citizenship.html 

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (“IRCC”) is the federal government body responsible for dealing with citizenship and immigration issues in Canada.

SELF-EMPLOYED PERSONS PROGRAM for artists, performers or athletes

https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/services/immigrate-canada/self-employed.html

The Self-Employed Persons Program was created for self-employed or world-class artists and athletes to immigrate to Canada. 

TEMPORARY RESIDENT VISA

https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/services/visit-canada.html

Depending on your citizenship, you may require a temporary resident visa (TRV) to travel to Canada. A TRV is a government issued document that allows foreign nationals to enter Canada. A TRV does not generally allow you to work or study in Canada. In order to work or study in Canada you must obtain a Work Permit or Study Permit, respectively. 

employment and social development canada (ESDC)

https://www.canada.ca/en/employment-social-development.html

Employment and Social Development Canada handles Labour Market Impact Assessment Applications. Service Canada administers the processing of the LMIA Applications. 

LABOUR MARKET impact assessment (LMia)

https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/services/work-canada/hire-temporary-foreign/find-need-labour-market-impact-assessment.html

LMIA Applications assess whether the labour market needs a foreign worker to fill a job position because no Canadian worker is available for the job. If an LMIA is required, the employer must apply for and obtain a positive decision on the LMIA before the foreign worker can apply for a work permit. Certain work permits do not need to be supported by a positive LMIA. 

SPONSORSHIP

https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/services/immigrate-canada/family-sponsorship.html

Canadian citizens or a permanent residents of Canada can sponsor their spouses, common-law partners, conjugal partners, dependent children (including adopted children) or other eligible relatives (such as a parents or grandparents) to become a permanent residents.

express entry

https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/services/immigrate-canada/express-entry.html

Express Entry is the most popular permanent residence program for skilled workers. Skilled Workers, for the purposes of Canada immigration, are people who they have the education, work experience, language skills, etc. to help them become economically established in Canada.

IMMIGRATION AND REFUGEE BOARD OF CANADA

http://www.irb-cisr.gc.ca/eng/pages/index.aspx

The Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada is an independent administrative tribunal responsible for making decisions on immigration and refugee matters in accordance with the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act.

IMMIGRATION AND REFUGEE PROTECTION ACT

http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/I-2.5/FullText.html

An Act respecting immigration to Canada and the granting of refugee protection to persons who are displaced, persecuted or in danger.

POST GRADUATE WORK PERMIT PROGRAM (PGWPP)

https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/services/study-canada/work/after-graduation.html 

The Post-Graduation Work Permit Program allows students who have graduated from certain programs of studies from eligible Canadian post-secondary institution to gain Canadian work experience.

STUDY PERMIT

https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/services/study-canada.html

A study permit is a government issued document that allows foreign nationals to study in Canada.

pROVINCIAL NOMINEE PROGRAM

https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/services/immigrate-canada/provincial-nominees.html

https://www.welcomebc.ca/Immigrate-to-B-C/About-The-BC-PNP 

The Provincial Nominee Program recognizes that provincial governments are better able to identify the labour needs within its own province than the federal government. Each province, including British Columbia, has its own requirements and procedures for this program. Individuals who may not qualify under Express Entry may be eligible to apply for permanent residence under the BC PNP.


About the Author


Written by Velletta Pedersen Christie

The law firm of Velletta Pedersen Christie is based in lovely Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. We employ some of the best lawyers in BC, and provide powerful, professional counsel to to clients in Victoria, across Canada and around the globe. We have the expertise to handle a variety of legal projects and cases, so contact us and we'll get you speaking with the appropriate member of our team.

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