Updated: April 2022
A work permit is a government issued document that allows foreign nationals to work in Canada. There are some jobs in Canada that do not require work permits. Click here to view a list of these jobs.
IMMIGRATION, REFUGEES AND CITIZENSHIP CANADA
Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (“IRCC”) is the federal government body responsible for dealing with citizenship and immigration issues in Canada.
SELF-EMPLOYED PERSONS PROGRAM for artists, performers or athletes
The Self-Employed Persons Program was created for self-employed or world-class artists and athletes to immigrate to Canada.
TEMPORARY RESIDENT VISA
Depending on your citizenship, you may require a temporary resident visa (TRV) to travel to Canada. A TRV is a government issued document that allows foreign nationals to enter Canada. A TRV does not generally allow you to work or study in Canada. In order to work or study in Canada you must obtain a Work Permit or Study Permit, respectively.
employment and social development canada (ESDC)
Employment and Social Development Canada handles Labour Market Impact Assessment Applications. Service Canada administers the processing of the LMIA Applications.
LABOUR MARKET impact assessment (LMia)
LMIA Applications assess whether the labour market needs a foreign worker to fill a job position because no Canadian worker is available for the job. If an LMIA is required, the employer must apply for and obtain a positive decision on the LMIA before the foreign worker can apply for a work permit. Certain work permits do not need to be supported by a positive LMIA.
Canadian citizens or a permanent residents of Canada can sponsor their spouses, common-law partners, conjugal partners, dependent children (including adopted children) or other eligible relatives (such as a parents or grandparents) to become a permanent residents.
Express Entry is the most popular permanent residence program for skilled workers. Skilled Workers, for the purposes of Canada immigration, are people who they have the education, work experience, language skills, etc. to help them become economically established in Canada.
IMMIGRATION AND REFUGEE BOARD OF CANADA
The Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada is an independent administrative tribunal responsible for making decisions on immigration and refugee matters in accordance with the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act.
IMMIGRATION AND REFUGEE PROTECTION ACT
An Act respecting immigration to Canada and the granting of refugee protection to persons who are displaced, persecuted or in danger.
POST GRADUATE WORK PERMIT PROGRAM (PGWPP)
The Post-Graduation Work Permit Program allows students who have graduated from certain programs of studies from eligible Canadian post-secondary institution to gain Canadian work experience.
A study permit is a government issued document that allows foreign nationals to study in Canada.
pROVINCIAL NOMINEE PROGRAM
The Provincial Nominee Program recognizes that provincial governments are better able to identify the labour needs within its own province than the federal government. Each province, including British Columbia, has its own requirements and procedures for this program. Individuals who may not qualify under Express Entry may be eligible to apply for permanent residence under the BC PNP.