不列颠哥伦比亚省 环境管理法 sets out a comprehensive scheme with respect to the remediation of contaminated sites. Central to that scheme is section 47 of the 法案, which permits a party who has incurred the cost of remediating a site to bring a court action to recover the costs of remediation. In a typical 环境管理法 action, the party who has incurred the cost will seek contribution from the property’s previous owners and operators. Even though the mechanisms in the 法案 是围绕“污染者付费”原则设计的 法案 使拥有或经营一个网站的各方难以逃避责任，因为举证责任在于那些当事人表明他们属于 法案 有限的例外情况见于第46条 法案。 结果，行动下 法案 can often involve parties that have had no involvement with the property for decades. As a result, a frequent question asked by parties finding themselves in such a dispute is whether or not the BC 限制法 适用，或是否有任何与提出此类索赔相关的时间限制。
虽然 法案 does apply retroactively in the sense that all previous owners and operators the property can be found liable for the cleanup, a plaintiff does not have an indefinite time in which to bring their action. In First National Properties Ltd.诉Northland Road Services Ltd.。，2008 BCSC 569, the court confirmed that the BC Limitation Act does apply to remediation claims pursuant to the Environmental Management Act. In that case, the court found that the limitation clock started running once the Plaintiff was aware of the cost to remediate. In JI Properties Inc.诉PPG Architectural Coatings Canada Inc.，2014 BCSC 1619，法院确认根据1996年“限制法”的六年限制适用。
在2012年通过之前 限制法， 似乎将对该修正案作出修正 环境管理法 可以随时提起诉讼。但是，当该立法通过时，没有对该立法作出相应的修改 环境管理法， 所以它现在仍然是 限制法 applies. Thus, a plaintiff who incurs remediation costs ought to bring their cost recovery action swiftly, as the 法案 two year limit will likely come into play. Further, it remains to be considered in a future case what effect, if any, the discoverability provisions of the new 限制法 有关成本回收的索赔。
W. Eric Pedersen is a lawyer practicing in the civil litigation department at Velletta & Company. Mr. Pedersen has worked with the civil litigation department to achieve successful outcomes for individuals and businesses, appearing in Provincial Court, Supreme Court, and the British Columbia Court of Appeal. Find out more about Eric by clicking 这里.